by Samuel and Rev. Jackson Brooks
Growing up in the United Methodist Church, I was a firm believer in the Trinitarian aspect of God. The way I understood it was there’s God, Jesus is His son whom He sacrificed and the Holy Spirit is a separate entity (later, I believed that the Holy Spirit and God to be the same but my views on Christ hadn’t changed). However, I still believed in there being one “God”; I just didn’t see Christ as the one God even though He was divine nor the Holy Spirit as the one God for a while. As a VERY logical and literal person, I took what was said in the Bible at face value and out of its original context when I should’ve instead digged deeper into the meaning of what God was saying.
When I left the Methodist church at the end of January 2012 to attend the Apostolic Pentecostal, to go from believing in the Trinity to the Oneness of God was definitely no easy task that was going to change overnight! The process took a couple years of attending Sunday morning service and Bible studies once a week. It wasn’t until I began to read the first few chapters of a book on apologetics called More Than a Carpenter by Josh McDowell and Sean McDowell which broke down and explained the Oneness of God in a way that was very easy to comprehend.
So, I’m going to present some Scripture that clearly state the Jesus is the one true God in the flesh who poured out His Spirit on the Day of Pentecost (and even continues to do today)!
God the Creator: Genesis 1:1 and 2:7, Job 33:4, Psalm 33:6 and 104:30, Isaiah 40:28, 44:24 and 45:11-18, and Malachi 2:10.
Jesus the Creator: John 1:10, 1 Corinthians 8:6, Ephesians 3:9, Colossians 1:12-17, Hebrew 1:8-12, Revelation 4:8-11, 10:6, 14:6-7, 21:5-7 and 22:3.
God the Redeemer and Savior: Psalms 78:34-35 and 106:21, Isaiah 47:4, 44:8, 43:3-11, 45:21 and 49:28, and Luke 1:46-47.
Jesus the Redeemer and Savior: Jude 25, Galatians 3:15, Acts 20:28, 1 John 4:14, Philippians 3:20, Luke 24:21-29 and 2:10-11, John 4:40-42, 1 Peter 2:21-24 and 1:10-11, 1 Timothy 1:1-3, and Titus 1:1-4.
God the Shepherd: Psalm 23 and 100, and Isaiah 40:10-11.
Jesus the Shephard: John 10:8-12, 1 Peter 2:21-25 and 5:4, and Hebrews 13:20.
God the King: Psalm 24, 44:4 and 74:12, Isaiah 43:10-15 and 44:6-8, Jeremiah 10:10, and Zechariah 14:9.
Jesus the King: Matthew 2:1-6, Luke 19:32-36, Luke 23:3, John 18:37 and 19:21, 1 Timothy 6:13-16, and Revelations 15:1-4 and 19:11-16.
God the I Am and the I Am He: Isaiah 43:10-11 and 43:25, and Exodus 3:13-14.
Jesus the I Am and I Am He: John 18:5-8 and 8:24-28, and Revelations 1:17-18.
God the First and Last: Isaiah 41:4, 43:10-11 and 44:5-8.
Jesus the First and Last: Revelations 1:17 and 22:13.
God the Rock: Psalms 18:2, 31:3, 78:34-35 and 89:26, Isaiah 17:10-11, Deuteronomy 32:1-4, and 2 Samuel 22:1-3 and 22:32.
Jesus the Rock: Matthew 17:16-19, Isaiah 28:16, Acts 4:11-12, 1 Corinthians 10:4, Numbers 20:1-11, Ephesians 2:20-22, and 1 Peter 2:6-8.
God is Coming: Zechariah 14:4-5, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, Revelations 19:11 and 19:16, and Psalms 50:1-6.
Jesus is Coming: 1 Thessalonians 3:11-15, Matthew 25:31-46, and Titus 2:11-13.
Photo Credit: C.P. Kilgore, The Wheel of Prophecy: Who Is God?
.A few other scriptures include:
“In the beginning the Word already existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was God…So the Word became human and made his home among us” -John 1:1 and 1:14
“Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” -Colossians 2:8-9
“And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.” -1 Timothy 3:16
“To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.” -2 Corinthians 5:19
“For there is one body and one Spirit, just as you have been called to one glorious hope for the future. There is one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all, in all, and living through all.” -Ephesians 4:4-6
“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord.” -Deuteronomy 6:4 (this verse is also referred to as the Shema)
“God, who is one, did not use a mediator when he gave his promise to Abraham.” -Galatians 3:20b
“For when you see me, you are seeing the one who sent me.” -John 12:45
“Anyone who hates me also hates the Father.” -John 15:23
“I am the way, the truth, and the life. If you had really known me, you would know who my Father is. From now on, you do know him and have seen him…Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and yet you still don’t know who I am? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father!” -John 14:6-7 and 14:9
I’ve heard a few different (yet, common) arguments that some will use to support the Trinity (or at least, discredit the fact that Jesus is God) since I started to follow the Oneness concept (I had also used these arguments back when I supported the Trinitarian doctrine). 1) In Matthew 28:19, Jesus says “Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.” To answer this argument, the passage says “name”, NOT “names”. If you go to Acts 2:38, Peter states that we must be “baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins.” Plus, the words Father, Son and Holy Spirit are simply titles of who Jesus is, which is no different than King of Kings, Lord of Lords, Alpha and Omega, Prince of Peace, Immanuel, I Am and so on. You wouldn’t say “baptize them in the name of the Father, Son and Burning Bush” because it doesn’t make sense even though God manifested Himself as the bush when He spoke to Moses. One way you could think about this is when signing a check or contract, do you sign using your name OR a title (i.e. son, pastor, doctor, daughter, teacher, student, etc)? 2) The other popular argument (or question) that I have heard is “If Jesus is God, why was he praying in the garden shortly before he was arrested?” To answer this, Jesus was manifesting in his humanity to be an example to the disciples, and to show them how they should live in prayer. 3) Verses of Scripture that mention “Christ standing (or sitting) at the right hand of the Father”: There are MANY verses on this! In Revelations, it states that there’s only one sitting on the throne. 1 Timothy 2:5 states that there is only one God and Mediator who can reconcile God and humanity, which is the MAN Christ Jesus. So when you see scriptures referring to Christ “sitting”, it’s implying that the redemptive work on calvary is now finished. The humanity of Christ was crucified on the cross. So when it comes to the passage about no one knowing the day or the hour of Christ’s return…including the angels or the Son but the Father; Jesus was fully God and man. At different times He operated in Hid divinity – ex. miracles, knowing the thoughts of people, forgiving sins, etc. Though He was divine, He was human and was subject to the same things that we face like pain, hunger, tiredness, etc. So in that passage in particular, He was operating in His humanity. 4) How can the Holy Spirit be Christ when the Spirit is poured out on thousands of people? Romans 8:9 says that if we have not the Spirit of God / Christ then we are not His. So we see in Acts that one Spirit is poured out on the church. In Romans, Paul is stating that the Spirit of God / Christ is the Holy Spirit. Also, the Spirit is not limited to our physical world. By limiting the Spirit to our physical world would be putting limitations on God even though He’s omnipresent…among other things. We do the same thing when we use the Trinity to describe God; we’re attempting to place limits on Him so that He can fit within our logical thinking and physical world. 4) Christ’s baptism in Luke 3:21-22: Using this passage as a way to support the Trinity is a terrible hermeneutic because God shows himself in multiple ways that the total number of things God does simultaneously is the number of people in His nature. The baptism of Jesus was to confirm to John the Baptist that Jesus was the Messiah (see John 1:29-34). My question for that is where in Scripture do the Jews present a new doctrine about God’s nature? 5) Genesis 1:26 where God said, “Let us make man in our image, to be like us.” The Hebrew word that’s used for God in this passage is “elohim”. The “him” part in the Hebrew language makes the word sound plural but elohim still means ONE God, so to say that this verse supports the Trinity would be taking what’s said out of its original context. So, the proper interpretation (and translation) would be “I will make man in My image, after My likeness” (also see Genesis 1:27). This passage is also a good example of the noun, royal “we”, which is defined as “The first-person plural pronoun used by a sovereign in formal address to refer to himself or herself” (The Free Dictionary). Whenever a king would declare a decree, he would say “we declare [whatever the decree should be]”; he never meant him and a group of individuals are declaring the decree but only himself so what he means is “‘I’ declare [this decree].”
When you read and study the Bible, NOT once does it ever mention the Trinity, nor an expressly formulated doctrine of the Trinity! The concept of the Trinity didn’t come until late in the 4th Century…after the Bible was written (Revelations was written late in the 1st Century). So, if you are a Judeo-Christian, then you believe in one God correct? If you believe in one God, and the Bible doesn’t ever mention the Trinity but instead the opposite, why not simply go with the most logical route by going with what the Bible says instead of a man-made concept? By believing in the Trinity, it’d be a contradiction to Christ when he said “By knowing me, you’d know the Father” (John 8:19).
If you’d like to dive deeper into the Oneness vs. Trinitarian views, I recommend reading The Oneness of God, Oneness and Trinity and Essentials of Oneness Theology by David K. Bernard and I AM: A Oneness Pentecostal Theology by David S. Norris.